Call: 0123456789 | Email: info@example.com

Category Archives: pdhajkpa


first_imgJudicial appointmentsGovernment has given its commitment that President David Granger will not make any moves outside of the Constitution and push forward with the appointment of a substantive Chancellor and Chief Justice, although the President himself has already announced that he is seeking legal advice on the matter.This comment was made after a statement was issued by the Bar Council of the Guyana Bar Association (GBA) on Monday when it stated that Government must stick within the limits of the Constitution, especially Article 127, which speaks directly to these top judicial appointments.Minister of State, Joseph Harmon said he was concerned at the dangerous path the Association was treading with its insinuations and strong assertions, despite the public statements made by the Head of State with regard to upholding the Constitution.Minister of State, Joseph HarmonThe GBA has warned that “any action outside of the said Article 127 is unconstitutional, void, of no legal effect and would have embarrassing consequences”.Harmon also described as reckless the statement attributed to the Association, which states that the climate surrounding the appointment of the two office holders is “repugnant and shakes the public confidence in the legal system. It further unfairly undermines the dignity of the offices and office holders”.The Minister of State claimed that every action taken by President Granger was underpinned by the provisions of the Constitution and it was, therefore, surprising that the Association having regard to what the President has said, has arrived at a conclusion that basically stated that the current climate was repugnant.Further, he said while Opposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo would have rejected the nominations for the two posts, no explanations were provided. He noted, however, that when the Head of State had rejected the nominations for the Guyana Elections Commission (GECOM), the GBA was one of the many organisations, which voiced discontent and called for explanations to be given.While encouraging both Government and the Opposition to work towards reaching a consensus, the Bar Council of the GBA reiterated that the appointment of the Chancellor and Chief Justice was governed by Article 127 of the Constitution of Guyana, the country’s supreme law, which states that these persons shall each be appointed by the President in agreement with the Opposition Leader.The Association, therefore, reasoned that acting Chancellor Yonette Cummings-Edwards and acting Chief Justice Roxane George could not be removed and replaced by other acting appointees.Given the current circumstances surrounding this issue, the GBA has urged both parties to work to break the impasse and arrive at a consensual resolution, especially in keeping with the spirit and intent of Article 127, which it reminded was amended from its original form to foster collaboration.last_img read more


first_imgHero Caribbean Premier League 2018…The Hero Caribbean Premier League (CPL) will be introducing the Decision Referral System (DRS) for the semi-final and final of the tournament.The last two matches of the tournament will take place on 14 and 16 September and will take place at the Brian Lara Cricket Academy in Trinidad.Each team will be allowed one unsuccessful review per innings and they will be able to review all methods of dismissal.PROVIDENCE, GUYANA – AUGUST 09: In this handout image provided by CPL T20, Umpires Nigel Duguid (L) and Gregory Brathwaite (R) during the Hero Caribbean Premier League match 2 between Guyana Amazon Warriors and St Kitts & Nevis Patriots at Guyana National Stadium on August 9, 2018 in Providence, Guyana. (Photo by Randy Brooks – CPL T20/Getty Images)Speaking about the introduction of the system for the last two matches of the tournament Pete Russell, COO of the Hero CPL, said: “The final matches of the Hero CPL are so important and it is vital that all decisions are as accurate as possible. We are reviewing the possibility of making DRS available for all matches in 2019.”last_img read more


first_img1 Chelsea’s Egyptian winger Mohamed Salah has been spared national service.It was feared that Salah would be forced to return home to fulfil the military obligation that lasts between one and three years, but he has been given permission to continue his promising career at Stamford Bridge.The 22-year-old became eligible for military service, which is postponed for students, after cancelling his enrolment in one of Egypt’s education institutes.Salah has made a positive impact since completing an £11million transfer from Basle in January, scoring two goals in six Premier League appearances. Chelsea star Mohamed Salah last_img


first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREGame Center: Chargers at Kansas City Chiefs, Sunday, 10 a.m.AB 1471 by Assemblyman Mike Feuer, D-Los Angeles, will require semiautomatic handguns made and sold in California to include crime-fighting technology that will microstamp each bullet fired from the gun. It’s also the first such measure in the nation. The NRA and other foes argued that the technique is not reliable and could be used to implicate innocent people. Schwarzenegger said, in his signing message, that he understands the technology is not perfect, but hopes it will provide law enforcement with a new tool to solve violent crimes. The law won’t take effect until 2010. The governor also signed AB 821 by Assemblyman Pedro Nava, D-San Barbara, banning lead ammunition in certain areas of the state where lead bullets are believed to be the source of poisoning of endangered condors. Copper ammunition will instead be allowed. Audubon California representatives praised the governor’s decision, calling the legislation a creative solution that allows wildlife protection and hunting to coexist. SACRAMENTO – Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger signed legislation Sunday making California the first state in the nation to ban use of a toxic chemical in baby toys, forging a theme of defying conservative interests as he pushed toward a midnight deadline to deal with more than 950 bills sent to his desk by state lawmakers. Despite industry opposition, the Republican governor signed AB 1108 by Assemblywoman Fiona Ma, D-San Francisco, prohibiting the use of phthalates to make plastic flexible. “When a child puts a phthalate-laden teether in her mouth,” said Rachel Gibson of Environment California, “it’s like sucking on a toxic lollipop.” Perhaps the biggest news over the weekend came when the governor signed two ammunition-related bills vigorously opposed by the National Rifle Association. But Lawrence Keane, of the National Shooting Sports Foundation, said that Schwarzenegger “has proven to gun owners and sportsmen that he is just another liberal anti-gun Hollywood actor.” And even though the governor, as expected, vetoed the most significant gay rights legislation – a marriage bill by Assemblyman Mark Leno, D-San Francisco – he signed eight other measures backed by gay rights advocates. They include implementing joint tax filing by domestic partners and reinforcing anti-discrimination laws for gay youth in schools. Ultimately, this year’s session paled in comparison with the session last year, when he teamed with Democrats to produce unprecedented legislation to curb global emissions and get $43 billion in infrastructure bonds approved by voters. A budget standoff eroded legislative efforts and a bipartisan atmosphere. Left out were such issues as health care reform, sentencing and parole reform as well as assisted suicide, water storage and redistricting reform. sgeissinger@angnewspapers.com (916) 447-9302160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more


first_imgThere’s a devil and what looks like a viking ship. This is the start to a Greek myth if we’ve ever heard one. Where’s Hades got to? Oxlade-Chamberlain suffers another setback as Klopp confirms serious injury The view is that international fans may be confused by the fact the club have a hart on their badge for the county of Hertfordshire, even though their nickname is the Hornets and they wear black and yellow.The club confirmed on Thursday morning that they had actually not decided whether to change the badge, with fans having a say on the potential decision. Yes, we know it’s not a moose Premier League Team of the Season so far, including Liverpool and Leicester stars 21 Berahino hits back at b******t Johnson criticism – ‘I was in a dark place at Stoke’ 21 It’s got a football with a halo on it. Yes Southampton, giving football the reverence it deserves. Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won 21 REPLY Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? 10. Tottenham Latest Football News 4. Fulham Watford may be changing their club crest in the next couple of years.Revealed at a Fans’ Forum in November, it sounded as if the Hornets had announced they would be changing their badge from the 2020/21 season onwards. FAO: Huddersfield; this is how you mix modern and classic. 21 21 It looks like the kind of slightly wrong badge you’d find on a fake shirt sold outside the ground. An eagle, with a football, perched on top of the Crystal Palace. Tells you everything you need to know. 21 ADVICE 7. Crystal Palace 11. Watford 15. Huddersfield The Seagulls mercifully avoid going for the Tesco Value stripes. However, the badge still does look a bit cheap. 3. Liverpool 21 🏟️ | The club is not changing the badge, this is a chance for fans to decide if YOU want a change or not. You might love it as it is, you might be enthused to change. All opinion will be welcomed and you will decide. (2/2)#watfordfc pic.twitter.com/qj3Jbc03gR— Watford Football Club (@WatfordFC) November 22, 2018It’s not up for us to decide whether Watford need to change their badge or not, but where does their current crest rank when taking a look at the logos of the 20 current Premier League teams.Scroll below to see talkSPORT.com’s ranking of all 20 2018/19 Premier League badges… no dice Forbes list reveals how much Mayweather, Ronaldo and Messi earned this decade Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade The only badge that looks like it was inspired by Swallows and Amazons. And it’s got a dragon! The Welsh have all the fun. 21 BEST OF 12. Southampton 21 21 REVEALED MONEY A lion with neck problems, some balls and some flowers. Traditional, but kind of weird. We do adore that gold trim, however. 21center_img 21 1. Newcastle 9. Manchester City Impossible to dislike, just like everything else about Fulham. Every time Ally McCoist lost it on air in 2019, including funny XI reactions A fox’s head, popping out of a Tudor rose (as seen on the City of Leicester crest). Pretty cute fox as well. Wolves (the animal) are awesome. This badge is not. It must have been really modern when introduced in 2002, but it just looks retro now – and not the cool kind of retro. 19. West Ham 17. Wolves 21 RANKED 20. Burnley 21 Son ban confirmed as Tottenham fail with appeal to overturn red card A cock and ball (thankfully not plural). It’s clean and rather nice, but come on Spurs, do you always want to be a laughing stock? Mixing classic and modern can be a brilliant move, but this ends up looking like a clip art coat of arms. Wins bonus points for featuring a golden dog. 13.  Leicester 21 shining 14. Brighton 21 16. Chelsea 21 REVEALED 5. Manchester United 6. Arsenal A badge that is just so iconic. And that’s because it’s bloody classy. 21 An improvement on their last badge as this one gets rid of the unnecessary yellow to look more classy. 21 More than a badge, this remembers the 96 fans who lost their lives at Hillsborough, courtesy of the flames either side. It remains the club’s official crest, though a stripped down version appears on the team kit. 18. Bournemouth Watford are the Hornets, but use a hart on their badge which is often mistaken for a moose. Bombastically awesome, but a different badge would be understandable. For when you can’t decide whether to support a football club, or a shampoo company. 21 Minecraft meets two wasps, plus a hand, a lion and a duck. 21 2. Cardiff Ronaldo warned Lukaku how hard scoring goals in Serie A would be before Inter move 8. Everton huge blow A lion, a castle tower, seahorses and a flag. And it’s got gold trim. Winners by a big, big margin.last_img read more


first_imgBy Dakin Andone | CNNFormer sports reporter Kelli Tennant has dropped a lawsuit that accused NBA coach Luke Walton of the Sacramento Kings of sexual assault.Tennant’s attorneys filed a request that the lawsuit be dismissed in Superior Court in Los Angeles County on Tuesday, according to court documents obtained by CNN. The request asked that the lawsuit be dismissed with prejudice, meaning the accusations cannot be brought against Walton again.Additional information about why the lawsuit …last_img


first_imgPhew, finally: now we know how cacti evolved, reports EurekAlert.  Ouch!  On second thought, how’s that again?    Two Yale scientists set out to figure out how the succulent plants turned leaves into spines.  Using molecular methods, they identified the earliest cactus, but then said it “already showed water use patterns that are similar to the leafless, stem-succulent cacti.” “[Our] analyses suggest that several key elements of cactus ecological function were established prior to the evolution of the cactus life form,” explain the authors.  “Such a sequence may be common in evolution, but it has rarely been documented as few studies have incorporated physiological, ecological, anatomical, and phylogenetic data.”But if the key innovations for cactus ecological function were already present, how is this an example of evolution?The press release is shamefully titled, “How did cactuses evolve?”  It should be titled, “Did cacti evolve?”  Apparently not; they were already adapted for their water use lifestyle from the start.  If “this sequence is common in evolution,” where the function already exists before the evolution begins, it sounds like creation, not evolution.    Enough with the Darwinian tales.  Focus instead on the design features of these amazing plants.  The article rightly states, “The cactus form is often heralded as a striking example of the tight relationship between form and function in plants.  A succulent, long-lived photosynthetic system allows cacti to survive periods of extreme drought while maintaining well-hydrated tissues.”  That is design, folks, not evolution.(Visited 59 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more


first_img SharePrint Related”Vermont 1″ GC86 GEOCACHE OF THE WEEK – May 2, 2011May 2, 2011In “Community”The Two Millionth Active Geocache – Overwatch #1 (GC46N4E) – Geocache of the WeekMarch 6, 2013In “Community””First Germany” GC77 GEOCACHE OF THE WEEK – April 4, 2011April 4, 2011In “Community” View near the cache locationBasel 1 (GCG95Z) hides along the banks of the Rhine River in Switzerland. It’s the most “favorited” geocache in the country. Basel 1 has accumulated nearly 300 Favorite Points to date. Some geocachers simply write in their logs, “One of the best caches in the world!!!!”The traditional geocache was hidden by muelsee in 2003. The geocache combines an historic location with an unforgettable experience. The difficulty three, terrain one geocache has been found by more than 1500 geocachers from around the world.Read the logs on the cache page for an idea of what makes the geocache so spectacular. Many of the log entries are in German and may need to be translated. Warning as spoilers may be contained in the logs.View from near the cache location of a reenactment on the RhineContinue to explore some of the most engaging geocaches around the globe. Check out all the Geocaches of the Week on the Latitude 47 blog or view the Bookmark List on Geocaching.com.If you’ d like to nominate a Geocache of the Week, send an email with your name, comments, the name of the geocache, and the GC code to pr@groundspeak.com. Share with your Friends:Morelast_img read more


first_imgThe Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Crowdfunding industries have both grown exponentially in the recent past. Their dependency on each other is quite evident as many AI projects would never have become a reality without crowdfunding. See also: AI will “most likely be the cause of WW3” says Elon MuskOther than crowdfunding platforms, novel platforms such as LiveEdu, a live and video tutorial learning platform, can help  AI projects to get the exposure they need  to get crowdfunded. Even LiveEdu has launched a crowdfunding campaign on Indiegogo. They plan to collect project ideas from learners all over the world to expand their premium project tutorial catalogue.With a clear connection between AI and crowdfunding established, let’s take a look at the five interesting AI crowdfunding campaigns on Indiegogo.#1: Artificial Intelligence A-ZArtificial intelligence(AI) is the next big technology changing how humans and machines interact in the world. The Artificial Intelligence A-Z: How To Build An AI project aims to deliver all the necessary tools and courses for learning AI. The project goal is to provide all the courses for learners who are interested in making their career shine in AI or want to contribute to the world of AI.#2: ArsenalArsenal is an AI-powered camera assistant that completely changes how photos are taken. The hardware uses advanced machine learning algorithms to ensure that every shot is perfect. The AI algorithm and the sensor take note of 18 different environmental factors and determine the optimal settings automatically. This is a revolutionary idea and has already been accepted by the community with a funding of $3,049,905(5301% funded).#3: SensoriaSensoria is an AI-powered sportswear that uses artificial intelligence to monitor health. This helps users to improve their health and athletic performance as it provides vital information to the user. Healthcare can immensely benefit from the use of Artificial Intelligence. Engineers such as CodeHatcher also understand the importance of healthcare apps and they have developed a Healthcare App for doctors that use a wide range of technologies including JavaScript and AI.#4: Nakamichi EdgeLove music? Then, Nakamichi Edge, an AI-powered Wireless headphone is all you need. It uses AI algorithms to scan the surroundings and provide you with the best music listening experience possible.#5: Career MuseCareer Muse is an interesting application of Artificial intelligence. It uses AI algorithms to get past applicant tracking systems. Many companies are using AI to filter our resumes, and this app ensures that your resume doesn’t get stuck in the automation process.Crowdfunding needed for AIArtificial intelligence solves a lot of interesting problems. From healthcare to education, every industry is being impacted by AI. However, it would not be possible for many AI related projects to become a reality without crowdfunding platforms. Some ideas are unique and downright crazy, and that’s why most investors ignore these novel ideas. Crowdfunding opens the doors for these kinds of projects and allows the real users to decide whether they are useful or not. Many new platforms are also making AI projects shine. LiveEdu is one of those platforms where you can find many new promising AI projects. Their crowdfunding campaign also aims to collect diverse and interesting AI project suggestions which can further improve the state of artificial intelligence learning worldwide and increase the likelihood of more AI crowdfunding projects. Do you think we missed an awesome AI crowdfunding campaign? Comment below and let us know. Dr. Michael is the CEO of the Los Angeles-based blockchain education company LiveEdu. It’s the world’s leading project learning platform that equips people with practical skills on creating complete products in future technological fields. Dr. Michael Garbade Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Follow the Puck AI: How it’s Impacting Surveillance Data Storage Related Posts Tags:#AI#Arsenal#artificial intelligence#Career Muse#Indiegogo#Internet of Things#IoT#Nakamichi Edge#Sensoria A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai…last_img read more


first_imgReply to response to Dyck et al. (2007) on polar bears and climate change in western Hudson Bay by Stirling et al. (2008) Centennial Variations of the Global Monsoon Precipitation in the Last Millennium: Results from ECHO-G Model Temporal derivative of Total Solar Irradiance and anomalous Indian summer monsoon: An empirical evidence for a Sun–climate connection Validity of climate change forecasting for public policy decision making Solar Arctic-Mediated Climate Variation on Multidecadal to Centennial Timescales: Empirical Evidence, Mechanistic Explanation, and Testable Consequences In 2008, a small technical journal received a paper on climate science that required some special attention. The sole author was Willie Wei-Hock Soon, an aerospace engineer at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The study argued that changes in the sun’s radiation output played a major role in influencing shifts in Arctic air temperatures—a view at odds with mainstream climate science, which fingered atmospheric carbon dioxide as a bigger player.Geographer Carol Harden, the editor of the journal, Physical Geography, was aware that Soon was a vociferous critic of the idea that humans were causing global warming and of proposals for the U.S. government to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. So “I knew that paper was a hot potato,” she told ScienceInsider.Still, Physical Geography published the 40-page study in 2009 after peer reviewers gave a green light, and Harden persuaded Soon to “adjust some of the wording … and take out some pretty toxic language” involving climate research.  At the time, however, she didn’t inquire about Soon’s funding sources or potential conflicts of interest. The journal’s publisher had “no specific disclosure form that I know of,” she says. “It was pretty much the honor system.”Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Yesterday, however, Soon’s paper once again became a hot potato for Harden, now retired from the faculty of the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. The New York Times and other outlets reported that Soon has received extensive financial support over the past decade from fossil fuel companies and others opposed to government regulation of greenhouse gas emissions—but has not always disclosed those financial links in his technical publications. The stories are based on documents obtained by two environmental advocacy groups, Greenpeace and the Climate Investigations Center (CIC). And the groups have now written to members of Congress and the editors—including Harden—of seven journals, asking them look into disclosure issues surrounding nine papers. CfA has also launched an inquiry into Soon’s disclosure practices, center Director Charles Alcock told reporters.“We’re concerned about the lack of transparency in science … and a possible ethical breach in not disclosing potential conflicts of interest in an area with important public policy implications,” says Kert Davies, Executive Director of CIC in Alexandria, Virginia. (Soon’s work, he notes, is routinely cited by politicians opposed to government action on climate and widely disputed by mainstream climate researchers.)Davies, a former Greenpeace staffer, helped spur the effort to use the federal Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) to obtain the documents that detail Soon’s funding sources. The law applies to the Smithsonian Institution because it is a quasigovernment entity. (It operates CfA in cooperation with the Harvard College Observatory.) Greenpeace has been using such FOIA requests to document Soon’s sources of funding for years. Last week, Davies began providing recently obtained documents to media outlets, including ScienceInsider, leading to stories in The New York Times, Nature, The Guardian, The Boston Globe, and InsideClimate News.In the letters to the seven journals, Davies specifically inquires about nine papers (see list below) that Soon mentioned in his annual reports to the Southern Co., a large energy concern based in Birmingham, Alabama, that has generally opposed government regulation of greenhouse gas emissions. The documents show Southern has provided at least $400,000 to Soon over the past decade. The reports generally describe the papers to Southern as “deliverables” produced as a result of the funding. Davies argues that the description suggests that Soon, who has been active in public policy debates, should have acknowledged Southern’s support in his papers—and that, in some cases, journal conflict-of-interest policies appear to require such disclosure.At Physical Geography, for example, Davies notes that journal owner Taylor & Francis now has a policy that calls for disclosing “financial, commercial, legal or professional” relationships “that could influence an author’s research. Such a conflict could be actual or potential.”But that policy wasn’t in place at the time of Soon’s submission, Harden says, because the journal wasn’t yet owned by Taylor & Francis. “We were then published by a small, family-owned publishing company,” she says. Soon did include a line in his paper stating that “The views expressed herein are solely those of the author and are independent of sources providing support.” Harden says that, “in hindsight, maybe that line should have been a red flag,” adding that she now wishes Soon had disclosed Southern’s funding.She’s not sure how she would have followed up on the issue with Soon at the time of submission, however, or what the journal will do now. Conflict-of-interest controversies are rare in her field, she notes, and “they can be tricky.” Conflict is often in the eye of the beholder, she says, and researchers often accept all kinds of funding that doesn’t necessarily skew their peer-reviewed publications. “I’m for full disclosure,” she says, “but I’m not sure how we’re going to address this.”A similar dilemma is facing another of the targeted journals. Geophysicist Robert Strangeway of the University of California, Los Angeles, has been editor-in-chief since early 2012 of the Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, which publishes about 300 papers a year. It published three papers in 2011 and 2012 that were co-authored by Soon and mentioned in the Southern reports, but Strangeway says he’s not familiar with the studies.The journal, published by Elsevier, asks authors to fill out a conflict-of-interest disclosure. But Strangeway admits he’s never carefully examined one—and isn’t sure what he’s supposed to do if he sees a red flag.“My role is to vet the science,” Strangeway says, noting that he and his two primary editors each handle more than 100 papers annually. “Generally, I don’t know any of [the authors] individually … and we assume that they have properly [disclosed]. I simply don’t have the resources to go back and check all of that.”Like Harden, he’s not sure how the journal will handle Davies’s inquiry. “It’s possible we’ll have to go back and add some kind of errata,” he says. But he also wonders: “Does this mean we should go back through every paper?”“My personal opinion is that it is always better to share information,” he adds. “It’s a shame when people’s integrity is called into question because they didn’t disclose their funding sources.”That’s one point on which CIC’s Davies agrees. “We wouldn’t be raising the journal issue if [Soon] had simply disclosed Southern’s support,” he says.Davies says that the Soon documents also raise another potentially thorny issue: How should scientists disclose funding from anonymous donors? Soon has received more than $100,000 from an Alexandria-based group called Donor’s Trust, which has been funneling money from anonymous donors to a number of groups and initiatives championed by political conservatives. (Soon has not fully disclosed that funding, Davies says.) “If you don’t know where the money is coming from, how can you say there is or is not a potential conflict?” Davies asks. “That’s not transparency.”In a 20 February letter to members of Congress, including the heads of the House of Representatives science committee and the Senate’s environment panel, Greenpeace Executive Director Ann Leonard urges lawmakers to take the disclosure issue “seriously” and examine policies. Today, Senator Ed Markey (D–MA) said the Soon disclosures are prompting him to write to fossil fuel companies and trade associations, asking them to disclose their funding of outside researchers involved in climate research.Greenpeace has also written to the U.S. Internal Revenue Service, questioning whether Soon and a foundation funded by energy magnate Charles Koch may have violated rules against having tax-exempt organizations use donations to influence legislation. Soon drew on research funded by the foundation in testifying before the Kansas state legislature during a 2010 debate on renewable energy legislation, the group says. (Both the foundation and Soon have disclosed the foundation’s support for Soon.)This isn’t the first time that the two groups have challenged Soon’s disclosure practices. Last month, they raised questions about whether he and co-authors had followed journal disclosure policies in a paper published by Science Bulletin, a journal published in China.The high-profile flap may prompt many journal editors and research institutions to reexamine their policies on dealing with potential conflicts of interests by authors. The Smithsonian told ScienceInsider that it has no blanket publication disclosure policy that applies to employees such as Soon. Rather, it is up to each researcher to comply with journal policies.Soon did not respond to an e-mail and phone message requesting comment.Here’s a list of the nine papers at issue:Polar Bear Population Forecasts: A Public-Policy Forecasting Audit Multiple and changing cycles of active stars – II. Results Variation in surface air temperature of China during the 20th century Solar irradiance modulation of Equator-to-Pole (Arctic) temperature gradients: Empirical evidence for climate variation on multi-decadal timescalesWith reporting by Jeffrey Mervis.last_img read more